Results Checklists

Technologies and Infrastructure

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This checklist is the result of a meeting of experts that took place 10 - 12 April 2019 in Gothenburg / Sweden, and of a subsequent consultation process involving further experts external to the EICON project consortium.

No matter if you are reflecting on characteristics (or quality attributes) of an information or communication technology (ICT) or on specific digital media that you intend to acquire, or on a digitalisation strategy you plan to implement, the following questions might be helpful to proactively scrutinizing their respective potential contribution to inclusive vocational education and training (VET).

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It is assumed, that most organisations offering vocational education and training find themselves in one of the following situations:

  1. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are provided or largely prescribed by external policies, or the infrastructure is not considered an area to be changed (see section 1 below)
  2. Information and Communication Technologies can be freely chosen, and infrastructure is configurable, to tailor both to the organisation and its (inclusion) requirements (see section 2 below)

The two options represent different levels of freedom for decisions and changes. Hence, different implications of either prescribed or open to choice technologies and infrastructure need to be reviewed. In reality, an organisation might neither fit 100% into the one or into the other category; rather it will be a mixture of conditions. It is therefore recommended to go through both sections of guiding questions and skip those questions that are not relevant for your specific situation.

Section 1: Making best use of given technologies or infrastructure

In situations where technologies are provided or prescribed by external policies (i.e. policies that neither can be influenced nor ignored by an educational organisation), or where the infrastructure is not seen as something that needs to be adjusted to the specific requirements of an educational organisation, it is essential to find out about the impact of the prescribed technology configuration on the organisation’s inclusive capacity. The following questions may be useful to reflect on the potential or already observable impact of such policies:

Section 2: Selecting technologies and configuring infrastructure tailored to the organisation

In other cases educational organisations will find themselves in the role to select specific technologies, and to adjust / configure established (or elsewhere tested) infrastructure solutions to their own needs and requirements. Availability of technologies and respective vendors who provide essential services (e.g. repair, replacement etc.) may vary depending on the location of the VET organisation. Yet, most probably a smaller set of alternative technologies, operating systems or infrastructure solutions would be shortlisted. What would then be the selection and configuration criteria if the aim is to raise the organisation’s inclusive capacity?

Does the set of shortlisted choices contain technologies or infrastructure that …

Does the set of shortlisted choices contain technologies or infrastructure that …

Beyond the technologies and infrastructure to be acquired by the organisation, learners themselves often possess technologies that are essential to them. To make best use of it in the context of learning:

In reality, focussing on inclusion-related considerations only does not suffice. Specifically budgetary limitations are also important and might lead to the need for finding compromises between economic and pedagogic considerations. The following areas point out some options with budget implications to be discussed. However, none of the options per se is positive or negative with regard to inclusion. But it is assumed that in the context of developing inclusion capacity, it is preferable to choose options that ensure rather stable budgetary foundations for the procurement and maintenance of ICT:


The main objective of the Strategic Partnership EICON is to support organizations / institutions providing vocational education and training (VET) to become more inclusive using information and communication technology (ICT). Managers of organizations / institutions that are active in VET are particularly in need for guidance on how to further develop, as they often have to work towards multiple aims simultaneously, i.e. inclusion usually is one among many other aims. EICON particularly explores the inherent potential and synergies in the overlapping section between education, inclusion and digitalisation.

How to use this checklist?

We are convinced that there is no 'one best way' for any organization / institution active in VET to increase its inclusive capacity with ICT. Rather, each one needs to find its own solution that then fits perfectly to its respective situation and requirements. Therefore, we aim to guide organizations / institutions through a thorough review process of its current set-up. This will be done by asking a series of questions, each single one directing the view to an essential area. The idea is that the checklist questions are discussed internally with all relevant stakeholders, and then own conclusions based on the discussion results are drawn. By no means all checklist items need to be answered positively. However, if none of them is met, i.e. a certain ICT / digital media / digitalisation strategy does not address any of the checklist items, then it probably won't impact positively on the respective checklist topic. See also further checklists for other topics (e.g. pedagogy, technology & infrastructure, links to employment and other stakeholders, leadership) under

All checklist items should be reviewed both at classroom level as well as at organization level, because an increase of an organization's inclusive capacity requires that impact is not limited to the classroom level. On the other hand, a VET organization / institution cannot be inclusive without having inclusion implemented at classroom level, i.e. both levels are essential.

EICON (Enhancing inclusion capacity of educational organizations / institutions providing VET with information and communication technologies (ICT)) is an ERASMUS+ KA2 Strategic Partnership for vocational education and training during 2018 - 2020 (Grant Agreement No.2018-1-DE02-KA202-005110). This checklist has been developed in the context of EICON. It represents the results of discussions among the experts involved in the project as well as a subsequent public consultation process that involved a wider audience in reviewing the intermediate results.

Creative Commons Licence CC BY SA

The checklist is published under the Creative Commons License CC BY-SA, i.e. you are free to copy and redistribute the checklist in any medium or format, and to remix, transform and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. However, you must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon this material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as this original. To give appropriate credit, please use the following information: [Author] ERASMUS+ EICON Project Consortium [LINK]

The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the content that reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.